Tips for memorizing

How to memorize anything!
Life would be easy for teachers if everyone learned in the same manner, but, that is not the way humans are made. Fortunately, there are techniques designed to help you memorize just about anything!

These steps are useful when memorizing the digits of PI or even articles of the Constitution. The first and most important thing to do is to find out what type of learner you are. Keep in mind that we are all a combination of all styles, but, we all prefer one.


The 3 Types of Learners
01. Auditory (hear it)
• Learn through verbal instruction, listening.

• Like to read plays (dialogue).

• Tend to move lips when reading.

• Use sounds to spell words.

• Remember names, forgets faces (good with oral directions).

• Tend to talk under their breath.

• Are easily distracted by noises.

• Talk themselves through problems.

• Like to listen in conversations, but also love to talk and can do so at length.

• Prefer music over visual arts.


02. Visual Learners (see it)
• Learn by seeing, watching demonstrations.

• Like descriptions, create an image in their mind when reading.

• Recognize words by sight.

• Remember faces, forgets names (good with a map).

• Have a vivid imagination.

• Are not easily distracted by sounds.

• Organize work, make lists.

• Tend to be quiet in conversations, don’t usually talk at length.

• Prefer visual arts over music.


03. Tactile / Kinesthetic Learners (do it)
• Learn through direct involvement.

• Prefer to read stories with a lot of action, may fidget when reading.

• Are often poor spellers.

• Remember best when they have done something (need to travel the route).

• Do not attend to visual and/or auditory input so they may appear distracted.

• Fidget a lot, find reasons to move around, play with objects.

• Tend to gesture when speaking.

• Prefer dance, sculpture, and other “physical” arts over purely visual/auditory.


Once you’ve figured out your preferred learning style, follow the simple steps.


Auditory Learners:
Step 01:
Sit in a quiet room with appropriate lighting.
Step 02:
Look for patterns, familiar elements, and other ways to break the material into groups of three to four familiar elements (if possible) and annotate these observations as you go.

Do not force any patterns and stop looking before substantial effort is required for this step. Forced familiarity is compulsory learning; see the tips section below.
Step 03:
Investigate and note intuitive relationships between the elements and your own experience. The relationships need not be rational, only memorable (interesting, funny, enjoyable) and inspirational.
Step 04:
Read the first object.
Step 05:
Say it without the paper.
Step 06:
Read the first and second object.
Step 07:
Repeat them out loud until you are able to say them without the paper.
Step 08:
Read the first, second, and third objects.
Step 09:
Say them out loud until you are able to say them without the paper.
Step 10:
Repeat this process until you can say all the objects without the paper.
Step 11:
Once you are at end of the list, repeat the list without reading it. Say it aloud three times.
Step 12:
If you cannot do it all three times, start all over.
Step 13:
After you think you have memorized it all, take a 10-20 minute break and do something that you will enjoy for that 20 minutes. This could be taking a walk, watching TV, talking on the phone, etc.
Step 14:
Come back and test yourself again through the whole thing if you get it all right, you probably have it. If not work on the sections you are having trouble with. Take another 10-20 minute break and come back again.
Step 15:
If you are still having trouble, try creating a mnemonic device like a book or rhyme.


Visual Learners:
Step 01:
Sit in a peaceful environment with no distractions whatsoever.
Step 02:
Color-code your information by what type of information it is. eg If you're doing memorizing history notes, then color code them by dates and people.
Step 03:
Go through each color coded section, writing and rewriting them down until you can memorize the object.
Step 04:
Place a post-it or index card somewhere you will see a lot like your locker or your bedroom door. Be sure to read it every time you pass by it.
Step 05:
Frequently write and rewrite the notes.


Tactile/Kinesthetic Learner
Step 01:
When appropriate, be creative and act out or pretend to be the object, trying to mimic every detail of the object. Though this may seem silly, every time you see the object mimic it or picture yourself mimicking the object in your head.
Step 02:
If you're memorizing a sequence of numbers such as pi, write down the individual numbers or steps on each flash card. Then personalize each flash card with stickers or drawings.

After personalizing, scramble the cards and attempt to put them in order. Be sure that you write down the order somewhere or you'll never remember what the sequence was.


12 Tips you should keep in mind:
Tip 01:
Don't get stressed, getting stressed just makes it harder.
Tip 02:
Work in sections and create goals for yourself. Memorize one section, then reward yourself and keep going.
Tip 03:
Say stuff out loud. It sounds ridiculous, but saying stuff out loud helps your brain process it, so that it is easier to memorize.
Tip 04:
This is best done BEFORE sleeping. It will most probably be fresher when you wake up.
Tip 05:
Be patient.
Tip 06:
If you're trying to memorize something short, write it out on a note card and put the note card in a place you see often. Whenever you see it, try to say it, or at least read it.
Tip 07:
If you have a lot of things you need to memorize, write them out on flash cards, and go through them frequently. If you get one wrong, review it, and once you get it right, put it back in the middle of the pile. If you get one right the first time, put it in the back of the pile.
Tip 08:
You may want someone to help you memorize. They can participate by quizzing you, asking you questions, or having you recite the information for them.
Tip 09:
Work in a quiet place where you can concentrate easily with no distractions.
Tip 10:
If you have problems with motivation it can work for you if you give yourself a treat every time you achieve a goal. Have raisins or a biscuit for example after each memorized paragraph.
Tip 11:
Try not to sit in the same room to memorize the two things. Your brain tries to subconsciously relate what you're memorizing to things around you. When you have to know it, chances are that these objects will not be around you.
Tip 12:
It may help if you use all the techniques mentioned above if you don't really have a particular technique of learning.

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